Impact Of Nola Pender’s Theory On Nursing Education
Nola Pender’s health promotion model focuses more on the entire well being of the client and not just the treatment of disease. Pender states that multiple variables are required to explain human health behavior. The model is based on the assumption that health professionals (nurses) constitute a part of the interpersonal environment which has influence on an individual.
Implication of Nola Pender’s Model on Nursing Education
In nursing education, the Pender model creates a more interactive learning experience. This means that the clinical experiences though focused on treatment of diseases also reflect greater emphasis on community based care and health promotion. Students should be trained in identifying the ways in which they can help their clients and the communities surrounding them achieve a healthier environment that in turn promotes their individual health. The student nurses should also trained in promoting family involvement in the treatment of the patient. The model emphasizes that some of the diseases arise because of psychological and behavioral choices that in turn have some consequential effects. The nurses should be trained therefore to increase family involvement to reduce the psychological impact of disease and also to encourage behavior modification that may reduce the chances of recurrence or even prevent disease. Nola Pender emphasizes that people are more likely to adopt healthier behaviors if they experience positive emotions practicing them. This means that the student nurses need to understand that the client may require interaction with a professional and encouragement by the nurses in order to adopt this behavior. The nursing curriculum therefore needs to change to include more courses on inter-personal exchange, psychology and communication.
The Nola Pender health promotion model mainly moves the center of nursing education from emphasis on diagnostic medicine to prevention and promotion of health. To bring important changes educators need to address their own practice education gap and learn new ways to approach the practice of teaching.
Molly Sulphen, Patricia Benner, &Lisa Daly (2010). Educating Nurses; A Call For
Radical Transformation. Stanford, Carnegie Foundation.
Nola Pender (2009): Nursing Theories, The Health Promotion Model
Retrieved on 12th March 2010, From Nursing Theories Website
Htttp://currentnursing.com/nursing theory/health -promotion -model