Social Problems: Perspectives for Intervention
The world social situation highlights various problems as being the key causes of unequal the world’s economies. One of the issues highlighted is lack of adequate cooperation amongst members of major world forums such that this lack of togetherness results into reduced willingness to get involved in activities which benefit the entire society. Lack of unity also inhibits the ability of countries in the world to engage in international tasks which will reduce the interdendence exhibited by most countries due to presence of high poverty levels (Isbister, 2006).
Sometimes world leaders tend to think that problems such as food insecurity are caused by local human activities while the effects are often transborder. Consequently, the impact of the food insecurity is felt by the international society thus the problems are shared by all. Therefore, by agreeing to cooperate, the international community will be reducing the inconveniences caused by no country can ignore the predicament despite the geographical distance between the nations (Moulder, 2000).
The other highlight is inadequacy of the world counties in extending assistance to their counterparts in parts of the world which deserve the help. The best aspect of cooperation is that it makes each and everyone self-sufficient hence cases of humanitarian aid; poverty and famine are eliminated at the local level which is extended to the global level afterwards (Selwyn, 2004).
The unexpected part is demonstrated by revelation of the fact that cooperation of world countries has significant impact on the overall reduction of world food insecurities. Consequently, one country personal problem is demonstrated as a world wide problem which is replicated and felt by the entire world. Hence to avoid such humanitarian problems, the developed countries should take up the initiative of helping their counterparts to eliminate their local problems thus international problems are reduced (Moulder, 2000).
Troubles and issues
Personal troubles are problems which are felt by individuals in their day-to-day activities or in their immediate surroundings. Consequently, countries and societies could be having personal problems which are shared by members of the country and society respectively. Personal problems are never shared amongst individuals or even the closest of friends hence they are meant to be concealed from the public’s eyes to avoid scrutiny.
Public issues are problems which affect large categories of people which are later on aired for all to see and help in solving. Public issues often touch on each or every aspect of daily lives of more than one individual hence a collective solution has to be sought as the problem is collective. Social problems are issues as their effects are felt by everyone in the vicinity of the issue (Isbister, 2006).
Mills examples are not outdated as they are applicable in everyday life where individuals indulge in activities which are initially considered personal troubles while later on their effects are felt in various corners of the country or globe (Selwyn, 2004).
Cutting down of trees for fuel or for making charcoal for sale without planting others is a personal problem as in future the source of fuel or income will be depleted hence the individuals financial security is compromised. Consequently, the problem becomes social when the impacts of global warming begin to make life unbearable due to reduced precipitation and elevated temperatures on the earth’s surface. Hence the tree logging activity can portray both personal and public problems to individuals living in the vicinity of the human activity (Guerrero, 2005).
The other example is based on the effects of smoking on the smoker as the personal health is interfered with causing unending problems to the individual hence they are incapable of fending for themselves. Smoking as a public issue includes the national problems such as provision of medical care for smokers, in addition to, low economic productivity as smoking reduces employee performance (Selwyn, 2004).
Laziness as a personal trouble makes an individual fail to gain total independence as they have to seek for assistance from others hence the individual is derailed by his laziness. Unemployment is a public issue as the rate of crime is bound to increase and the countries social standing will be compromised (Moulder, 2000).
The open veins of Latin America
Latin America as a county has been known to possess and dominate all manner of businesses in the world such that it has been compared to a heart which receives blood from veins. The veins in this case are countries stretching from the Caribbean to Rio Grande which export their products and raw materials to Latin America. These countries are the most significant in supporting the economic activities in Latin America as the raw materials derived from these sources are used to run industries in the country. Consequently, the veins are indicated as gold, silver, nickel, hides, rubber, nitrates and coffee which are significant in determining the course to be taken by the country in terms of social, economic and political activities (Isbister, 2006).
The United States could have been in the position of having open veins especially in the dominating effects in the world of business. Similarly, most of the casual laborers in the United States are natives of other countries which are third world countries, as well as, dependency on other countries to provide raw materials. Open veins are thus indicated as any outside sources of the “hearts” raw materials such that the recipient country has less of the raw materials hence failure of the veins to provide the materials results in collapse of the country. In such as scenario, the United States may not have veins that are overly dependence on the products of the veins (Guerrero, 2005).
“When in Rome”
When in Rome is an article which depicts the increased probability of individuals to engage in activities they find their colleagues participating in regardless of the cultural beliefs of such people. Consequently, the article refers to abandonment of previously learnt values, norms, as well as, cultural concepts to include adequate widening of the new concepts being learnt. Over the ages many people have discarded previously guarded secrets and incorporating aspects which are unacceptable in their own society. Such habits are commonly referred by the popular phrase “when you go to Rome do as the Romans do” which does not incorporate what is moral or not (Moulder, 2000).
Failure of the United States law to respect cultural pluralism is severe social problems as the less dominant cultural values are forgot with much ease as compared to socially acceptable behaviors. Consequently, disregard for cultural values makes the individuals embrace norms which cause social havoc especially when confronted by the real cultural practices which are characteristic of the culture (Guerrero, 2005).
The law should respect individuals who uphold their native way of life such that under no circumstances should people be punished for incorporating values they deem important in their lives. Consequently, people should not be subjected to penalties which could lead to denying them a chance to exercise cultural values that behold the morals highly (Isbister, 2006).
Olsen’s three approaches
The difference in these approaches is that cohesion applies to personal problems as the ability of one family member to bond easily with the others is dependent on personal decisions. However, various family members can help each other adapt easily to any form of change hence reducing the initial problems that are associated with rigidity to embrace change. Communication on the binds the two approaches of social problem solving thus making the entire process a success (Selwyn, 2004).
The most appropriate approach in solving social issues is communication where members of the public are educated on various aspects of life such as causes of problems and ways through which the problems can be avoided. Consequently, public awareness on preventing personal troubles from having a toll on the entire society could be vital in solving the social problems (Moulder, 2000).
Guerrero, A. (2005), Social problems: community, policy, and social action. Pine Forge Press
Isbister, J. (2006), Promises Not Kept: Poverty and the Betrayal of Third World Development.7th ed. Kumarian Press Inc
Moulder F. V. (2000). Social Problems of the Modern World: A Reader. Wadsworth
Selwyn, S. (2004), Social problems: perspectives for intervention. Allied Publishers.